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In our latest episode of the How-to series, Anthony Fox, a seasoned recruiter at Northreach, tackles an issue that’s becoming increasingly critical in today’s fast-paced work environment: stress and burnout. Recent studies paint a concerning picture: nearly half of the UK’s workforce reports feeling ‘running on empty,’ signalling a widespread struggle with work-related stress. The implications of this are far-reaching, with the economic cost of stress and burnout in the UK soaring to an astonishing £28 billion annually. This figure reflects not only lost productivity but also increased healthcare costs and the impact on employees’ mental health and well-being.

Moreover, the shift towards remote and hybrid work models, accelerated by the COVID-19 pandemic, has blurred the lines between work and home life, potentially exacerbating stress levels. A survey by Mental Health America found that remote workers are more likely to work longer hours and feel disconnected from their colleagues, factors that can contribute to feelings of burnout and isolation.

With such significant impacts on individuals and economies, understanding how to effectively manage stress and prevent burnout at work is more crucial than ever. In this episode, Anthony Fox shares expert insights and practical strategies designed to help professionals navigate these challenges, preserve their mental health, and sustainably maintain productivity.

Understanding stress and burnout

Stress, the body’s reaction to heightened demands, plays a dual role in our lives: it can propel us forward under the right circumstances, yet chronic stress can spiral into burnout—a state of profound emotional, physical, and mental exhaustion. The World Health Organisation (WHO) acknowledges burnout as a syndrome conceptualised as resulting from chronic workplace stress that has not been successfully managed, characterised by three dimensions: feelings of energy depletion or exhaustion; increased mental distance from one’s job, or feelings of negativism or cynicism related to one’s job; and reduced professional efficacy.

The prevalence of work-related stress and burnout in the UK is a growing concern, with significant implications for both individual well-being and economic productivity. According to the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) of the UK, in 2021/2022, work-related stress, depression, or anxiety accounted for 50% of all work-related ill health cases. The same period saw an estimated 17 million working days lost due to work-related stress, depression, or anxiety, underlining the severe impact on the workforce’s health and the broader economy.

Recognising the signs

In the UK, the escalating issue of workplace stress and burnout has prompted a closer examination of its early warning signs. Recognising these signs is not just beneficial; it’s imperative for implementing effective management and prevention strategies. A survey conducted by the Mental Health Foundation revealed that over one-third of the UK population feels stressed for at least one full day per week, pointing to the prevalence of this issue. This underscores the critical need for early recognition of stress and burnout symptoms.

Key symptoms to watch for:

  • Constant fatigue: A hallmark sign, where individuals feel perpetually drained of energy, not just physically but also emotionally, often leading to a sense of overwhelm at the thought of beginning tasks.
  • Irritability: Increased frustration and irritability, particularly in situations that previously wouldn’t have elicited such a strong emotional response, can be a clear indicator of underlying stress or burnout.
  • Difficulty concentrating: A noticeable decline in attention span and an inability to focus on tasks at hand, leading to decreased productivity and potentially compounding feelings of inadequacy and frustration.
  • Lack of satisfaction from achievements: Diminished pride in accomplishments and a pervasive sense of dissatisfaction, even from tasks or projects that would typically bring joy or a sense of achievement.

Further data from a YouGov survey underscores the impact of these symptoms on the UK workforce, with 74% of adults feeling so stressed at some point over the last year they felt overwhelmed or unable to cope. Importantly, the survey highlights the physical manifestations of stress, including headaches, dizziness, and muscle tension, alongside psychological impacts like anxiety and depression.

Recognising the early signs of stress and burnout is a critical step in safeguarding the well-being. By acknowledging and addressing these symptoms promptly, individuals and organisations can work together to develop a culture that prioritises mental health, ultimately leading to more effective management and prevention of stress and burnout.

Practical strategies to manage stress

In the face of rising work-related stress levels, adopting practical strategies for stress management is essential. One of the most effective approaches is learning to prioritise tasks. This strategy not only helps in managing workload more efficiently but also significantly reduces stress levels by focusing energy on what truly matters.

Prioritise tasks

The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) in the UK underscores the importance of effective workload management as a key strategy in mitigating stress. Their research indicates that poor task management is a leading cause of work-related stress, with their Health and Well-being at Work Survey revealing that 79% of HR professionals noted an increase in stress-related absences, citing workload as a primary factor.

The Urgent-Important matrix:

A practical tool that individuals and organisations in the UK are increasingly adopting is the Urgent-Important Matrix, also known as the Eisenhower Box. This method involves categorising tasks into four quadrants:

  1. Urgent and important: Tasks that require immediate attention and are crucial for your goals.
  2. Important but not urgent: Tasks that are important but do not require immediate action, allowing for planning and deliberate execution.
  3. Urgent but not important: Tasks that demand immediate attention but do not significantly contribute to long-term goals or objectives.
  4. Neither urgent nor important: Low-priority tasks that offer little to no value towards achieving your goals.

By applying this matrix, individuals can effectively identify tasks that necessitate immediate attention while scheduling or delegating others appropriately. This method not only streamlines workload but also clarifies priorities, significantly reducing the overwhelm that contributes to stress.

A study by the University of Oxford found that workers who have control over their workload and schedule report lower levels of stress and higher job satisfaction. This suggests that empowering employees to prioritise their tasks and offering flexibility in how they manage their workload can have a substantial impact on reducing stress levels.

Establish boundaries

In today’s digital age, where technology blurs the lines between personal and professional life, establishing clear work-life boundaries has become crucial for mental health and well-being. For the UK workforce, managing the complexities of remote and hybrid working models has underscored the importance of setting boundaries to manage stress effectively.

Recent statistics from the UK’s Office for National Statistics (ONS) highlight a growing concern among British workers regarding work-life balance. The rise of remote work, while offering flexibility, has also led to an increase in working hours, with the ONS reporting that remote workers in the UK are likely to work an average of six hours more per week than their office-based counterparts.

A survey conducted by the Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development (CIPD) found that 30% of UK employees feel their work-life balance has deteriorated due to the pressures of remote work. This imbalance is a significant contributor to stress, making the establishment of boundaries a key strategy for well-being.

Strategies for setting boundaries:

  • Define work hours: Setting specific work hours and sticking to them is vital. In the UK, companies are increasingly recognising the need for flexible working policies that allow employees to establish a routine that suits their personal and professional responsibilities. Adhering to defined work hours helps in mentally clocking out from work, reducing the risk of burnout.
  • Create physical and digital boundaries: For remote workers, creating a dedicated workspace can help in distinguishing between ‘work time’ and ‘personal time.’ Digital boundaries are equally important; this includes setting guidelines for email and communication outside of work hours. The UK’s Health and Safety Executive (HSE) recommends employers to support their staff in creating these boundaries, recognising their role in preventing work-related stress.
  • Communicate boundaries: Effective communication with colleagues and managers about your boundaries is essential. A study by the Mental Health Foundation UK emphasised the importance of open conversations about work-life balance, encouraging employees to discuss their needs and expectations with their employers. Establishing clear work-life boundaries is more than a personal responsibility; it’s a collective one. In the UK, where work-related stress poses a significant challenge, the adoption of clear boundaries is crucial for maintaining mental health and well-being. By prioritising work-life balance, both employers and employees can contribute to a healthier, more productive workforce.

Practise Self-care

In the fast-paced environment of modern work culture, self-care has transitioned from a luxury to a necessity, especially in the context of the UK, where work-related stress levels are a growing concern. Self-care, encompassing adequate sleep, healthy eating, regular exercise, and relaxation activities, is foundational to managing stress and enhancing overall well-being. A report by the Mental Health Foundation found that in the UK, stress affects 74% of adults to the point of feeling overwhelmed or unable to cope. The same report highlights the importance of self-care routines in mitigating these feelings, suggesting that such practises can significantly impact mental health and stress reduction.

Ways to promote self-care:

  • Adequate sleep: Sleep is a critical component of self-care, with the NHS recommending between 7 to 9 hours of sleep per night for most adults. Yet, the Sleep Council reports that nearly one-third of the UK population suffers from insomnia or poor sleep patterns, often exacerbated by stress. Prioritising sleep hygiene practices, such as maintaining a regular sleep schedule and creating a restful environment, can dramatically improve sleep quality and, by extension, stress resilience.
  • Healthy eating: Nutrition plays a vital role in managing stress. According to the British Nutrition Foundation, a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins can help combat the effects of stress on the body. Nutrients like magnesium, found in leafy greens, and omega-3 fatty acids, found in fish, have been shown to reduce anxiety levels.
  • Regular exercise: The NHS underscores the importance of regular physical activity in managing stress, recommending at least 150 minutes of moderate aerobic activity or 75 minutes of vigorous activity each week. Exercise releases endorphins, often referred to as the body’s natural mood elevators, which can help alleviate stress and improve mental health.
  • Relaxation and rejuvenation activities: Engaging in activities that relax and rejuvenate the mind and body is also a critical aspect of self-care. The Mind charity highlights activities such as mindfulness meditation, yoga, and spending time in nature as effective stress relievers. Creative hobbies, reading, and socialising with loved ones can also serve as valuable outlets for stress. In the UK, where the demands of work and life can often lead to high levels of stress, adopting a comprehensive self-care routine is essential. By prioritising sleep, nutrition, exercise, and relaxation, individuals can build a foundation of well-being that not only combats stress but also enhances their quality of life. As society continues to recognise the importance of mental health, integrating self-care into daily routines will be crucial for encouraging a healthier, more resilient population.

Build a support system

In the journey to manage stress effectively, one of the most potent resources at our disposal is the support of those around us. Research from the University of Cambridge suggests that individuals with a strong support network have better mental health outcomes and are more resilient in the face of stress. Building a robust support system, both within the workplace and in our personal lives, can provide the emotional scaffolding necessary to managing challenging times. In the UK, where the conversation around mental health is becoming increasingly open and prioritised, fostering a culture of support is seen as essential.

At Northreach, the introduction of certified ‘Mental Health First Aiders’ is a testament to the organisation’s commitment to employee well-being. These trained individuals are equipped to identify signs of stress and mental health issues, offering immediate support and guiding employees towards professional help if needed. This practice, endorsed by the Health and Safety Executive (HSE) as part of their recommendations for mental health support in the workplace, highlights the proactive steps businesses can take to create a supportive environment.

The adoption of Mental Health First Aiders is growing among UK businesses, recognising the value of having trained personnel who can act as the first point of contact for employees experiencing mental health challenges. This initiative not only helps in managing stress but also contributes to destigmatising mental health issues within the corporate environment.

Beyond the workplace, strengthening personal relationships and engaging with community or support groups can offer invaluable resources in managing stress. The NHS advocates for the benefits of talking about your feelings and staying connected with loved ones as part of its mental health and well-being advice. Joining clubs, groups, or online communities related to personal interests can also provide a sense of belonging and support.

Mindfulness and relaxation techniques

In an era where the pace of life seems ever-accelerating, the adoption of mindfulness and relaxation techniques has become a vital strategy for managing stress and fostering mental clarity in the UK. Practices such as mindfulness meditation, deep breathing exercises, and yoga are not only accessible but also versatile, offering significant benefits even when practised for short periods daily.

Incorporating mindfulness and relaxation techniques in daily life:

  • Short daily practises: The beauty of mindfulness and relaxation techniques lies in their simplicity and the minimal time investment required. The NHS recommends starting with just a few minutes of meditation or deep breathing exercises each day, gradually increasing the duration as the practise becomes a regular part of the routine.
  • Mindfulness apps and online resources: In the UK, there has been a surge in the availability of digital resources to support mindfulness practices. Apps like Headspace and Calm offer guided meditation sessions that can be easily integrated into daily life, making it easier for individuals to engage in mindfulness regardless of their schedule or location.
  • Yoga classes and workshops: Yoga studios and community centres across the UK offer classes ranging from beginner to advanced levels, accommodating everyone from novices to experienced practitioners. Many workplaces have also begun to recognise the benefits of yoga, with some offering classes as part of their wellness programs. The Mental Health Foundation reports that incorporating these practices can lead to significant improvements in mental health, noting reductions in anxiety, depression, and stress. Furthermore, a study by the University of Oxford found that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) programs have shown effectiveness in reducing stress and preventing relapse in individuals with recurrent depression.

As the UK continues to navigate the complexities of modern life, the importance of mindfulness and relaxation techniques in managing stress and improving mental clarity cannot be overstated. By dedicating just a few minutes each day to these practices, individuals can experience profound benefits in their mental health and overall well-being.

Seek professional help

In the journey of managing stress and preventing burnout, recognising when to seek professional help is a sign of strength and self-awareness. Therapists, psychologists, and counsellors are equipped with the expertise to provide personalised strategies and tools that address the root causes of stress, facilitating effective management and prevention. In the UK, the NHS provides various pathways for accessing mental health support, including talking therapies through the Improving Access to Psychological Therapies (IAPT) program. Additionally, many employers offer Employee Assistance Programs (EAPs) that provide confidential counselling services. For those seeking private therapy, the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) offers a directory of accredited therapists.

The stigma surrounding mental health is gradually diminishing, thanks in part to national campaigns such as Time to Change, encouraging openness and dialogue about mental health issues. This cultural shift is making it easier for individuals to seek the help they need without fear of judgment. Seeking professional help when necessary is a crucial step in a comprehensive strategy to manage stress and prevent burnout. Remember, your health and happiness are paramount; by placing them at the forefront of your priorities, you empower yourself to manage stress effectively and achieve true success in both your personal and professional life.


In the contemporary workplace, managing stress and preventing burnout is not just beneficial; it’s imperative for sustaining both productivity and personal well-being. The journey towards a healthier professional life is multifaceted, involving early recognition of stressors, strategic implementation of coping mechanisms, and the wisdom to seek professional guidance when needed.

Stay vigilant to the early indicators of stress and burnout, such as persistent fatigue, irritability, and a diminished sense of accomplishment. Early recognition allows for timely intervention, preventing the escalation of stress into more severe mental health challenges.

Adopt practical strategies for stress management, including Prioritising tasks, establishing boundaries, practising Self-care, building a support system, integrating mindfulness practices, deep breathing, and yoga into your daily routine to enhance mental clarity and reduce stress levels.

Do not hesitate to seek professional help if stress becomes overwhelming. Therapists and counsellors can offer personalised strategies to manage stress more effectively, helping you navigate through challenging periods with greater ease.

Above all, remember that your health and happiness are paramount. Prioritising your well-being is the cornerstone of a successful and fulfilling career. By adopting a holistic approach to stress management, you can ensure longevity and satisfaction in your professional journey.

If you’re seeking further resources or need personalised guidance, don’t hesitate to contact us. At Northreach, we’re committed to supporting your journey toward a healthier professional life, offering tools, advice, and support tailored to your unique needs and circumstances.